Pemikiran Ibn Taymīyah tentang Sharī‘ah sebagai Tujuan Tasawuf

  • Izzuddin Washil Institut Agama Islam Negeri Syekh Nurjati Cirebon
  • Ahmad Khoirul Fata Institut Agama Islam Negeri Sultan Amai Gorontalo
Keywords: Sharī‘ah; waḥdat al-wujūd, fanā’

Abstract

Ibn Taymīyah rejects no all doctrines of Sufism although he criticizes some of them. He, for an instance, does firmly refuse altogether the doctrine of waḥdat al-wujūd and fanā’. Ibn Taymīyah has a unique concept of sufism, which differs from other concepts of Sufism promulgated by other sufis, especially those of Wujūdīyah proponents. Ibn Taymīyah’s concept of Sufism puts great emphasis on it appropriateness with stipulations of sharī‘ah. The compatibility of sharī‘ah and tasawuf has been the main feature of his model of Sufism. When other Sufis start their mystical journey from the stage of sharī‘ah, Ibn Taymīyah puts sharī‘ah as the final stages. To him sharī‘ah is the main goal of mystical journeys; tasawuf should be based on sharī‘ah and it also must end to sharī‘ah. Using al-Taftazānī’s perspective this study finds that the character of Ibn Taymīyah’s Sufism is Taṣawwuf Akhlāqī. This is so because he prefers to purify morality than such mystical experiences as waḥdat al-wujūd or fanā’ and the uses of symbols to reveal the mystical experiences.

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Published
2017-12-28
How to Cite
Washil, Izzuddin, and Ahmad Fata. “Pemikiran Ibn Taymīyah Tentang Sharī‘ah Sebagai Tujuan Tasawuf”. Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam 7, no. 2 (December 28, 2017): 316-338. Accessed September 26, 2018. http://teosofi.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/teosofi/article/view/167.
Section
Articles