Terorisme Kontemporer Dunia Islam
This study is inspired by the problem of claims against terrorism as an expression of momentary interest, activities program, and products of history constructivism. To solve such problem, the study uses a critical historical analysis approach of Karl Rudolf Bultmann. The study concludes that terrorism, as a part of the wholeness of history, has played critical roles, namely the control role to the tyrannical-dominance and the role of ideology actualization. With the provision of institutionalized historical legacy, terrorism is not merely a temporary expression but it penetrates into borders of period of the history. In addition, with an emphasis on problem solving at the contemporary era, terrorism action is charged to provide a momentary response. Conceptual sources of this study are the view of Ahmad Jainuri about the character of terrorism and the view of Diniesh D’Souza on the profile and the main motive of terrorism. Based on evidences, data, and discussions of experts as well the terror doers themselves, the author argues that the essential meaning of terror—as a compelled action—lays in the fact that it is a noble meaning of historical and ideological aspects as well as a transcendent honor, which cross over the boundary of all conditions or all kinds of worldly reward.
Keywords: Terrorism, contemporary, Islam, action.
al-Halabi, Shaykh Ali bin Hasan. “Pandangan Islam tentang Terorisme yang Dipopulerkan Amerika,” Majalah As-Sunnah, Ed. 11 Tahun VIII 1425 H/2004 M.
Amghar, Samir. “Salafism and Radicalisation of Young European Muslim” dalam Samir Amghar, et al. (ed.). European Challenge for Public Policy and Society. Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies, 2007.
Boer, Harry R. The Bible and Higher Criticism. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1981.
Bultmann, Rudolf. Myth and Christianity: An Inquiry into the Possibility of Religion without Myth, terj. R.J. Hoffman. New York: Noonday Press, Prometheus Books, 2005.
Crawford, Neta C. “Just War Theory and the U.S. Counterterror War,” dalam www.apsanet.org, Vol. 1, No.1, March 2003.
Frownfelder, David. “West and Islam Compared” Lihat: http://www.lenconnect.com/articles/2005/02/24/news/news05.txt atau www.islamdaily.org/en/.../2572.west-and-islam-compared.htm, diakses 9 Juni 2014.
Gurulé, Jimmy. The 9/11 Commission Report: Final Report of The National Commission on Terrorist Attack upon the United States. W.W. Norton and Company, 2004.
-----. Unfunding Terror: The Legal Response to the Financing Global Terorism. Cheltenham-UK, Massachusetts-USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2008.
Jainuri, Achmad. “Terorisme dalam Wacana Kontemporer Islam: Akar Ideologi dan Tuntutan Aksi”. Pidato Pengukuhan Guru Besar Aliran Modern dalam Islam, disampaikan di hadapan Rapat Senat Terbuka IAIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya, Selasa, 12 September 2006.
Juergensmeyer, Mark. Terror in the Mind of God: The Global Rise of Religious Violence: Comparative Studies in Religion and Society, 13. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2000.
Lewis, Bernard. The Crisis of Islam: Holy War and Unholy Terror. New York: Modern Library, 2003. Lewis, Bernard. What Went Wrong?: Western Impact and Middle Eastern Response. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Madkhalî (al), Shaykh Zayd b. Muhammad b. Hâdî. al-Irhâb wa Âthâruh ‘alâ al-Afrâd wa al-Umam. Diunggah pada 24 November 2006, diakses pada 9 Juni 2014. URL Sumber http://www.an-nashihah.com /isi_berita.php?id=48 dan http://www.an-nashihah.com/isi berita.php?id=44.
Meijer, Roel. “Yusuf al-Uyairi and the Transnasionalisation of Saudi Jihadism” dalam Madawi al-Rasheed, Kingdom without Borders. London: Hurst and Co., 2008.
Null, J. Wesley (ed.). “American School Textbooks–How They Portrayed the Middle East from 1898 to 1994”, American Educational History Journal, Volume 35, Number 1 dan 2, 2008.
Park, James Leonard. “Holy War against Terrorism,” http://www.tc.umn.edu/~parkx032/CY-HOLYW.html.
Rapar, Jan Hendrik. Pengantar Filsafat. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 1996.
Saeed, Abdullah. Islamic Thought: An Introduction. London-New York: Routledge, 2006.
Smart, Lieutenant Colonel Cheryl L. (United States Army), “The Global War on Terror: Mistaking Ideology as the Center of Gravity,” Center for Strategic Leadership (CSL), USA, Vol. 08-05, July 2005
Copyright (c) 2014 Sokhi Huda
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.