Intepretasi Ayat-ayat Teologis Muḥammad al-Shawkānī tentang Manusia, Wahyu, dan Iman

  • Abd Kholid Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya
Keywords: Theology, al-Mu‘tazilah, rational, al-Zaydīyah

Abstract

The article examines typological category of al-Shawkānī’s “theological product”, which cannot be categorized as a part of Sunnī. This view is hold by Muḥammad Ḥusayn al-Dhahabī and Muḥammad ‘Alī Ayāzī. Al-Dhahabī concludes that al-Shawkānī’s theological thought is seen as being Sunnī but his work, Fat al-Qadīr, is classified as al-Zaydīyah. Ayāzī, on the other side, says that al-Shawkānī’s theology tends to be more similarly rational to al-Zaydīyah and al-Mu‘tazilah. The author seeks to discuss the issue by exploring al-Shawkānī’s interpretation of theological verses on free will, pre-destination, and the relevance of revelation and human’s ratio. This study finds that al-Shawkānī’s theological arguments tend to be closely similar to Ahl al-Sunnah’s theological doctrines compare to that of al-Mu‘tazilah and al-Zaydīyah although he surroundedly grew up among the very rational al-Zaydīyah. It can be observed, for an instance, in his view of human’s deeds which clearly indicates him as having close position to the thought of al-Māturidīyah Bukhāra. In terms of the relevance of human’s ratio and the function of revelation, al-Shawkānī’s theological arguments are harmonious with al-Ash‘arīyah’s ideology.

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Published
2017-06-02
How to Cite
Kholid, Abd. “Intepretasi Ayat-Ayat Teologis Muḥammad Al-Shawkānī Tentang Manusia, Wahyu, Dan Iman”. TEOSOFI: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam 7, no. 1 (June 2, 2017): 172-198. Accessed January 22, 2019. http://teosofi.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/teosofi/article/view/177.
Section
Articles